The state of the art comes originally from the field of technical, scientific and industrial research and means, in a few words, the situation of a certain technology. The most innovative or recent with respect to a specific art. This notion has passed to academic research studies as “the state or situation of a topic at present”. It is a way of referring to what is known about an issue, what has been said so far that has been most relevant.

In the area of ​​academic studies, the state of the art refers to the construction of a documentary type of analysis. This shows the most important advances that have been made regarding the knowledge of a subject. This type of research development is more common in specialization or doctoral studies, since they involve very broad knowledge about certain problems. Knowledge that the researcher takes several years to obtain.

In addition, the purpose is to make a compilation of important sources, ideas, concepts, opinions that the thesis can then refute or complement. Therefore, the level of training must be very high so that the student is able to provide relevant information, which is positioned at the forefront of previously consulted sources.


With respect to the format, the state of the art is usually chapter two of the thesis, that which is traditionally known as the theoretical framework, but does not work like this. Because while for the theoretical framework the researcher can choose the theories to work on, in the state of the art he must necessarily consider all the important theoretical contributions that are related to the subject of study, although they are contradictory to each other. That means that you must know all the arguments, understand them perfectly and be able to assimilate the differences and similarities between the ideas.

Jointly, it is necessary that he expose his position in front of his predecessors and his original contributions that advance the current knowledge. On the other hand, in the theoretical framework it is not necessary to postulate new knowledge, it is enough simply to describe the conceptual sustenance to study the research problem. It is evident that a state of the art is not a simple job at all. It requires a lot of experience and an adequate level of training to achieve its proper development.


It is seen as the highest peak of scientific knowledge, which represents all the professional development of the thesis. It is considered that this has reached a level of instruction such that it encourages you to create knowledge and not to study it. It is a kind of educational scale that reaches its final point in doctoral studies.

At the undergraduate level, a student learns the most relevant and general knowledge of an area of ​​study, with the graduate deepens in certain topics. Finally, at the doctorate level, he is able to postulate his own ideas that serve to innovate in his professional area. This level of development becomes a new theory or model for practices that promote scientific and academic knowledge.