What is the exploratory scope for quantitative theses?

A scope alludes to the intentionality of the research, to what purpose of the study that is going to be carried out. On other occasions we have described the scope of research of the quantitative theses and, on this occasion, we want to deepen the issue to give better references to our esteemed thesis students. It is important to have this point very clear before approaching the research methodology and not later, because the scope determines the design of the study and its instrumentation

The exploratory scope is the classification given to the investigations that are oriented to know unknown or poorly studied research problems. In the field of scientific knowledge there is always a primary state of uncertainty regarding a subject. The exploratory study serves to learn more about the nature of a phenomenon in a given context. Before starting a thesis, a review of the sources of information available on the object of the analysis that is expected to be performed must be carried out. This action reveals the status of the topic and what is known or said about it.


When the first bibliographic volume shows that the problem has not been addressed before or the available information is rather scarce and unclear, the thesis will use an exploratory scope for its work. Also applied to phenomena that are studied from novel orientations that open currents of thought previously unknown. The scientific area is a great promoter of exploratory studies, the new discoveries raise questions about how we perceive our reality and what we know or do not know about the world.

For example, technological discoveries have revolutionized the natural sciences, but also history, archeology and the arts. Let’s not forget all the discoveries of quantum physics. Likewise, human development has caused important changes for social organization.

We must emphasize the relevance of carrying out a correct review of sources. If at the first attempt there is nothing substantial about the subject, that does not mean that it has not been explored before. Think about the loss of time that would be to start an exploratory study of a problem that is already known, but you did not know.


Concrete knowledge that changes category to a research problem. This means that your thesis can serve as an important precedent for other works that continue the line of research that your study has initiated. The exploratory scope is fundamental to develop solutions to problems, recognize concepts and variables.

The theses they explore are pioneers in their respective fields and merit a very careful attitude, since the student often must go blindly to produce the information, rather than to obtain it. However, the results are of great value for the study areas, since the exploratory scope involves opening new paths for scientific knowledge, maintaining novelty and inspiring other research works.